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Parliamentary corpora

Introduction

Parliamentary corpora are a very important multidisciplinary language resource that can be approached from many research perspectives, including not only political science, but also sociology, history, psychology, and applicative approaches to linguistics, for instance, critical discourse analysis. The good availability of parliamentary proceedings in digitized form and granted access rights to public information in the EU countries have motivated a number of national as well as international initiatives to compile, process and analyse parliamentary corpora.

The CLARIN ERIC infrastructure offers access to 24 parliamentary corpora, covering almost all of the languages spoken in countries that are either members or observers in CLARIN ERIC.  In the vast majority of cases, the corpora can be directly downloaded from the national repositories or queried through easy-to-use online search environments. They are also richly tagged and mostly available under public licences.

We first provide overviews of the corpora that are already part of the CLARIN infrastructure and then list those that have not yet been integrated.

For comments, changes of the existing content or inclusion of new corpora, send us an email.

This website was last updated on 28 August 2020.

Parliamentary corpora in the CLARIN infrastructure

Corpus Language Description Availability

Croatian parliamentary corpus ParlaMeter-hr 1.0

Size: 14.1 million tokens
Annotation: tokenised, MSD-tagged, lemmatised, named entities
Licence: CC-BY

Croatian

The corpus contains minutes of the National Assembly of the Republic of Croatia and currently covers its VIth mandate from 15 November 2016 to 21 November 2018. The corpus contains speaker metadata (gender, age, education, party affiliation).

The corpus is available for download from the CLARIN.SI repository and through the concordancers KonText and noSketchEngine, as well as through a dedicated webpage.

Concordancer

Download

Czech Parliamentary Meetings

Size: 88 hours, 0.5 million tokens
Annotation: error correction of transcriptions, division into speech sections with speaker information
Licence: CC-BY
 

Czech

The corpus contains recordings of the parliamentary sessions as well as corresponding transcriptions. 

 

The corpus is available for download from LINDAT and through the concordancer KonText. 

Concordancer

Download

 

The Danish Parliament Corpus 2009 - 2017, v1

Size: 40.6 million words
Annotation: no annotation
Licence: CC-BY
 

Danish

The corpus contains Danish parliamentary debates from 2009 to 2017. 


The corpus is available for download from the DK-CLARIN repository.

Download

Hansard corpus

Size: 1.6 billion tokens
Annotation: tokenised, PoS-tagged, lemmatised, semantic tagging

English

The corpus contains British parliamentary debates from 1803 to 2005. It is semantically tagged with the USAS semantic tagger and the Historical Thesaurus Semantic Tagger (HTST).

The corpus is available through a dedicated concordancer.

For the relevant publication, see Rayson et al. (2015).

Concordancer

Parliamentary Debates on Europe at the House of Commons (1998-2015)

Size: 190,000 tokens
Annotation: tokenised
Licence: CC-BY
 

English

The corpus contains British parliamentary debates from 1998 to 2015.

 

The corpus is available for download from Ortolang.

Download

Transcripts of Riigikogu (Estonian Parliament)

Size: 13 million tokens
Annotation: tokenised
Licence: CLARIN_ACA
 

Estonian

The corpus contains Estonian parliamentary debates from 1995 to 2001.

 

The corpus is available for download from a dedicated webpage and through a concordancer on the same webpage.

Concordancer

Download

 

Plenary Sessions of the Parliament of Finland

Size: 22.4 million tokens
Annotation: tokenised, MSD-tagged, lemmatised, syntactically parsed
Licence: CC-BY
 

Finnish

The corpus contains Finnish parliamentary debates from 2008 to 2016.

 

 The corpus is available through the concordancer Korp.

Concordancer

Parliamentary Debates on Europe at the Assemblée nationale (2002-2012)

Size: 137,000 tokens
Annotation: tokenised
Licence: CC-BY

French

The corpus contains French parliamentary debates from 2002 to 2005.

The corpus is available for download from Ortolang.

Download

Parliamentary Debates on Europe at the Bundestag (1998-2015)

Size: 417,000 tokens
Annotation: tokenised
Licence: CC-BY

German

The corpus contains German parliamentary debates from 1998 to 2015.

 

The corpus is available for download from Ortolang.

Download

ParlAT beta

Size: 75.2 million tokens
Annotation: tokenised, linked data (e.g., speaker information)

German (Austrian)

This corpus contains Austrian parliamentary proceedings from 1996 to 2017.

Currently in development, ParlAT is planned to be a monitor corpus with new material added over time.

For the relevant publication, see Wissik and Pirker (2018).

 

Hellenic Parliament Minutes (1989-1994, 1997-2018)

Size: 181 million words
Licence: CC-BY-NC

Greek

The corpus contains Greek parliamentary debates for two periods: 1989-1994 and 1997-2018.

The corpus is available for download from the CLARIN:EL repository.

 

Download

Speeches of Politicians in the Greek Parliament

Size: 258,036 words
Licence: CC-BY-NC

Greek

This corpus contains speeches delivered by 5 members of parliament: Dimitris Anagnostakis, Nikos Tsoukalis, Paros Koukoulopoulos, Niki Founta, and Panayiotis Kammenos.

The corpus is available for download from the CLARIN:EL repository. 

Download

European Parliament Proceedings Parallel Corpus 1996-2011, parallel corpus Greek-English

Size: 31.9 million words (English), 1.2 million sentences (Greek)
Annotation: sentence aligned
Licence: CC ZERO

Greek-English

This corpus is a bilingual Gree-English subset of the Europal parallel corpus.

The corpus is available for download from the CLARIN:EL repository.

Download

The Icelandic Parliamentary Corpus

Size: 238 million tokens
Annotation: tokenised, PoS-tagged, lemmatised
Licence: CC-BY 4.0

Icelandic

This corpus contains debates in the Icelandic parliament (Alþingi) from 1911 to 2017.

The corpus is available for download from CLARIN-IS (as a part of the Icelandic Gigaword Corpus) and for search through the concordancer Korp.

For the relevant publication, see Steingrímsson et al. (2018)

Concordancer

Download

Lithuanian Parliament Corpus for Authorship Attribution

Size: 23.9 million tokens
Annotation: tokenised, PoS-tagged, lemmatised
Licence: CLARIN PUB

Lithuanian

The corpus contains Lithuanian parliamentary debates from 1990 to 2013.  It is annotated with Lemuoklis (morphological analyzer for lemmatization) and MaltParser (generation of dependency tags).

The corpus is available for download from the repository of CLARIN-LT.

Download

Proceedings of Norwegian Parliamentary Debates

Size: 29 million tokens
Annotation: tokenised, sentence segmentation, speaker metadata (name, party, time, type of utterance)
Licence: NLOD

Norwegian

The corpus contains Norwegian parliamentary debates from 2008 to 2015.

The corpus is available through the concordancer Corpuscle.

Concordancer

Talk of Norway

Size: 63.8 million tokens
Annotation: tokenised, PoS-tagged, lemmatised
Licence: NLOD
 

Norwegian

The corpus contains Norwegian parliamentary debates from 1998 to 2016.

The corpus is available for download from the CLARINO repository.

Download

Polish Parliamentary Corpus

Size: 300 million tokens
Annotation: tokenised, MSD-tagged, named entities, etc.

Polish

The corpus contains Polish parliamentary debates from 1991 to 2017. It is annotated with Morfeusz SGJP (morphological analyser), Pantera (disambiguating tagger), Spejd (shallow parser), Nerf (named entity recognizer).

The corpus is available for download from a dedicated webpage and through the concordancer NKJP. 

For the relevant publication, see Ogrodniczuk (2012) and Ogrodniczuk (2018).

Concordancer

Download

 

PTPARL Corpus

Size: 1 million tokens
Annotation: tokenised, PoS-tagged, lemmatised
Licence: ELRA END USER/ELRA VAR

Portuguese

The corpus contains Portuguese parliamentary debates from 1970 to 2008. It is annotated with LX-Tokenizer, LX-Tagger, MBT, MBLEM (part of Frog).

The corpus is available for download from the ELRA catalogue.

For the relevant publication, see Généreux et al. (2012).

Download

Slovenian parliamentary corpus siParl 2.0

Size: 239.7 million tokens
Annotation: tokenised, PoS-tagged, lemmatised
Licence: CC BY

Slovenian

The corpus contains Slovenian parliamnetary debates from 1990 to 2018. It differs from the SlovParl 2.0 corpus (listed below) in that it contains only basic meta-data about the speakers, a typology of sessions and structural and editorian annotations.

The corpus is available for download from the CLARIN.SI repository and through the concordancers KonText and noSketchEngine.

Concordancer

Download

Slovenian parliamentary corpus SlovParl 2.0

Size: 3.2 million tokens
Annotation: tokenised, PoS-tagged, lemmatised
Licence: CC-BY

Slovenian

The corpus contains Slovenian parliamentary debates from 1990 to 1992.

The corpus is available for download from the CLARIN.SI repository and through the concordancers KonText and noSketchEngine.

For the relevant publication, see Pančur and Šorn (2016).

Concordancer

Download

 

Slovenian parliamentary corpus ParlaMeter-sl 1.0

Size: 41 million tokens
Annotation: tokenised, MSD-tagged, lemmatised, named entities
Licence: CC-BY

Slovenian

The corpus contains minutes of the National Assembly of the Republic of Slovenia and currently covers the VIIth mandate from 1 August 2014 to 22 June 2018. The corpus contains speaker metadata (gender, age, education, party affiliation).

The corpus is available for download from the CLARIN.SI repository and through the concordancers KonText and noSketchEngine, as well as through a dedicated webpage.

For a related publication, see Ljubešić et al. (2018).

Concordancer

Download

Riksdag’s Open Data

Size: 1.25 billion tokens
Annotation: tokenised, lemmatised
Licence: CC-BY

Swedish

The corpus contains Swedish parliamentary debates from 1971 to 2016. It is annotated with Sparv

The corpus is available for download from Språkbanken (all entries with "Riksdag's Open Data" in the subtitle) and through the concordancer Korp.

 For the relevant publication, see Borin et al. (2016).

Concordancer

Download

 

 

Europarl: European Parliament Proceedings Parallel Corpus 1996-2011

Size: 33.7 million tokens
Annotation: sentence/aligned
Licence: CC0

21 languages

This corpus contains parliamentary debates from the European Parliament from 1996 to 2011.

The corpus is available for download from a dedicated webpage.

Download

Other parliamentary corpora

Corpus Language Description Availability

Korpusbasierte Analyse österreichischer Parlamentsreden

Size: 1.2 million tokens
Annotation: tokenised, PoS-tagged

 

German (Austrian)

The corpus contains Austrian parliamentary debates from 2013 to 2015. It is annotated with the Stanford Tagger.

The corpus is available for download from a dedicated webpage.

For the relevant publication, see Sippl et al. (2016).

Download

The ParlSpeech V2 data set

Size: 6.3 million parliamentary speeches
Annotation: date, speaker, party, agenda item metadata
Licence: CC0

German, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Spanish, Swedish

The corpus contains complete parliamentary speeches in the key legislative chambers of Austria, the Czech Republic, Germany, Denmark, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom, covering periods between 21 and 32 years.

The corpus is available for download from the Harvard Dataverse repository.

Download

Corpus of Bulgarian Political and Journalistic Speech

Size: 10 million tokens
Annotation: tokenised, PoS-tagged, lemmatised

Bulgarian

The corpus contains Bulgarian parliamentary debates from 2006 to 2012.

 

The corpus is available through a dedicated concordancer.

Concordancer

CzechParl

Size: 81.9 million tokens
Annotation: tokenised, MSD-tagged and lemmatised
 

Czech

The corpus contains Czech parliamentary debates from 1993 to 2010. It is annotated with ajka.

The corpus is available through the Sketch Engine.

For the relevant publication, see Jakubíček and Kovář (2010).

 

Concordancer

DutchParl

Size: 800 million tokens
Annotation: tokenised, PoS-tagged, lemmatised

Dutch

The corpus contains Dutch parliamentary debates from 1814 to 2014. It is annotated with Frog. See also information on the schema used.

The corpus is available for download (the authors needs to be contacted) and is also accessible online through the Political Mashup environment.

For the relevant publication, see Marx and Schuth (2010).

Concordancer

Download

HanDeSeT: Hansard Debates with Sentiment Tags

Size: 1251 motion-speech units taken from 129 separate debates
Annotation: sentiment tags
Licence: Open Parliament Licence V3.0 and Open Data Commons Open Database License (ODbL)

English

This corpus contains English parliamentary debates from 1997 to 2017.

The corpus is available for download from a dedicated webpage. 

For the relevant publication, see Abercrombie and Batista-Navarro (2018).

Download

UKParl Dataset

Size: 354,400 tokens
Annotation: fine-grained topic annotation, additional semantic information (entity links)

 

English

This corpus contains British parliamentary debates of the House of Commons from 2013 to 2016.

The corpus is available for download from Google Drive.

For the relevant publication, see Nanni et al. (2018).

Download

polmineR corpus

Only a small sample available

 

German

A small sample is available for download from the GitHub webpage of the corpus.

Download

Archives Parlementaires

 

French

The Archives parlementaires is a chronologically-ordered edited collection of sources on the French Revolution. It was conceived in the mid 19th century as a project to produce a definitive record of parliamentary deliberations and also includes letters, reports, speeches, and other first-hand accounts from a great variety of published and archival sources. FRDA currently contains the AP volumes covering the years 1787-1794, which can be searched using ARTFL's PhiloLogic 4 open source software platform. The texts have been marked up using TEI so that speakers, places, dates, and terms in the published index can be easily found. Users can see both scanned images of the AP pages or just the texts.

Concordancer

LinkedSAEIMA

Size: 12.5 million tokens
Annotation: tokenised, lemmatised

 

Latvian

The corpus contains Latvian parliamentary debates from 1993 to 2016.

The corpus is available through noSketchEngine. 

Concordancer

CLARIN funded project: ParlaMint

CLARIN is currently funding the project ParlaMint: Towards Comparable Parliamentary Corpora. This project aims to provide multilingual standardised and linguistically processed resources for focused observations on trends, opinions, decisions with respect to lockdowns and restrictive measures in times of emergencies. For this goal two types of parliamentary corpora are envisaged: a contemporary one that is focused on COVID-19 issues (Nov. 2019 - July 2020) and a reference one for comparison (2015 - Oct. 2020). The data will be made available through concordances and monitoring tools. Read more

Additional materials

CLARIN-PLUS Workshop "Working with Parliamentary Records". 27-29 March 2017, Sofia, Bulgaria. [html

Videolectures of the CLARIN-PLUS workshop. [html]

ParlaCLARIN@LREC2018. 7 May 2018, Miyazaki, Japan. [html]

Videolectures of the ParlaCLARIN workshop. [html]

Darja Fišer, Maria Eskevich, Franciska de Jong (eds.), Proceedings of the ParlaCLARIN Workshop at LREC2018. [pdf]

Parthenos Video: Working with Parliamentary Data, interview with Federico Nanni. [html]

Parthenos Video: Working with Parliamentary Data, interview with Andreas Blätte. [html]

Darja Fišer, Maria Eskevich, Franciska de Jong (eds.), Proceedings of the ParlaCLARIN II Workshop at LREC2020. [pdf]

Publications on the parliamentary corpora

[Abercrombie and Batista-Navarro 2018] Gavin Abercrombie and Riza Theresa Batista-Navarro. 2018. A Sentiment-labelled Corpus of Hansard Parliamentary Debate Speeches. 

[Borin et al. 2016] Lars Borin, Markus Forsberg, Martin Hammarstedt, Dan Rosén, Roland Schäfer, Anne Schumacher. 2016. Sparv: Språkbanken’s corpus annotation pipeline infrastructure. 

[Branco and Silva 2006] António Branco and João Silva. 2006. A Suite of Shallow Processing Tools for Portuguese: LX-Suite.

[Généreux et al. 2012] Michel Généreux, Iris Hendrickx, Amália Mendes. 2012. A Large Portuguese Corpus On-Line: Cleaning and Preprocessing.

[Ljubešić et al. 2018] Nikola Ljubešić, Darja Fišer, Tomaž Erjavec, and Filip Dobranić. 2018. The Parlameter corpus of contemporary Slovene parliamentary proceedings.

[Jakubíček and Kovář 2010] Miloš Jakubíček, Vojtěch Kovář. 2010. CzechParl: Corpus of Stenographic Protocols from Czech Parliament.

[Marx and Schuth 2010] Maarten Marx and Anne Schuth. DutchParl: The Parliamentary Documents in Dutch. 

[Nanni et al. 2018] Federico Nanni, Mahmoud Osman, Yi-Ru Cheng, Simone Paolo Ponzetto, Laura Dietz. 2018. UKParl: A Data Set for Topic Detection with Semantically Annotated Text.

[Ogrodniczuk 2012]  Maciej Ogrodniczuk. 2012. The Polish Sejm Corpus.

[Ogrodniczuk 2018] Maciej Ogrodniczuk. 2018. The Polish Parliamentary Corpus. 

[Pančur and Šorn 2016] Andrej Pančur, Mojca Šorn. 2016. Smart Big Data: use of Slovenian parliamentary papers in digital history.

[Rayson et al. 2015] Paul Rayson, Alistair Baron, Scott Piao, Steve Wattam. 2015. Large-scale Time-sensitive Semantic Analysis of Historical Corpora. 

[Sippl et al. 2016] Colin Sippl, Manuel Burghardt, Christian Wolff, Bettina Mielke. 2016.  Korpusbasierte Analyse österreichischer Parlamentsreden.

[Steingrímsson et al. 2018] Steingrímsson, Steinþór, Sigrún Helgadóttir, Eiríkur Rögnvaldsson, Starkaður Barkarson and Jón Guðnason. 2018. Risamálheild: A Very Large Icelandic Text Corpus.

[Wissik and Pirker 2018] Tanja Wissik and Hannes Pirker. 2018. ParlAT beta: Corpus of Austrian Parliamentary Records.