Dictionaries

Introduction

Dictionaries were primarily created for human use (e.g., language learning/teaching, translation, lexicology) and are typically semasiological, which means that they are organized around words and contain information on their meanings, definitions, pronunciation, etc. There are 97 dictionaries in the CLARIN infrastructure. Most (57) of the dictionaries are monolingual, accounting for 14 languages (Arabic, Dagaare, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, English, Finnish, Frisian, German, Icelandic, Latvian, Slovenian, Russian Swedish, Veps), while the rest (40) include a variety of both bilingual and multilingual language combinations (e.g., English-Greek, Estonian-English, Karelian-Finnish). In the vast majority of the cases, the dictionaries can be directly downloaded from the national repositories or queried through easy-to-use online search environments.

For comments, changes of the existing content or inclusion of new resources, send us an email.

This website was last updated on 3 June 2021.

Dictionaries in the CLARIN infrastructure

Monolingual resources

Resource Language Description Availability

A digital dictionary of Damascus Arabic

Size: 4,218 entries

Linguistic information: basic morphological information, usage examples

Licence: CC-BY-NC-SA 3.0

Arabic (Damascus)

This small-sized dictionary of Spoken Damascus Arabic has mainly been compiled for comparative and didactic purposes, and comprises all words in Prochazka's 2-volume textbook Lehrbuch des Syrisch-Arabischen. The resource is available for download from ARCHE.

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A digital dictionary of Modern Standard Arabic

Size: 2,418 entries

Linguistic information: basic morphological information, a few usage examples

Licence: CC-BY-NC-SA 3.0

Arabic (Modern Standard)

This small-sized dictionary of Modern Standard Arabic has mainly been compiled for comparative and didactic purposes. The resource is available for download from ARCHE.

Download

A Digital Dictionary of Tunis Arabic

Size: 7,543 entries 

Licence: CC-BY-NC-SA 3.0

Arabic (Tunis)

This dictionary includes entries from the TuniCo corpus and is additionally based on data elicited from complementary interviews with young Tunisians and lexical material taken from published historical sources dating back to the middle of the 20th century. The resource is available for download from ARCHE.

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A digital dictionary of Dagaare

Size: 1252 entries

Linguistic information: PoS-tags, nominal and verbal valency

Licence: CC-BY-NC-SA 3.0

Dagaare

This dictionary, which illustrates salient aspects of the Dagaare lexico-grammatical system, is available for download from ARCHE.

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Jysk Ordbog (a-h), 17. April, 2011, xml-edition

Size: 16,000 entries

Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0

Danish

This is a dictionary of Danish dialects spoken in Jutland between 1700 and 1920. The resource is available for download from CLARIN-DK.

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Dictionary of Contemporary Dutch (ANW)

Size: 255,239 words

Dutch

This dictionary describes Dutch vocabulary from 1970 onwards. The resource is available for online browsing from the Dutch Language Institute (INT).

For a list of related publications, see the following webpage.

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Dictionary of Middle Dutch (MNW)

Size: 60,000 lemmas

Dutch

This is a historical dictionary of Medieval Dutch vocabulary from the period between 1250 and 1550. The resource is available for online browsing through the Dutch Language Institute (INT).

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Dictionary of Old Dutch (ONW)

Licence: other

Dutch

This is a historical dictionary of Old Dutch vocabulary from the period from the period between 500 and 1200. The resource is available for online browsing through the Dutch Language Institute (INT).

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Early Middle Dutch Dictionary (VMNW)

Size: 25,000 lemmas

Licence: other

Dutch

 

This is a historical dictionary of Early Medieval Dutch vocabulary from the period between 1200 and 1300. The resource is available for online browsing through the Dutch Language Institute (INT).

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iWNT

Size: 95,000 lemmas

Licence: other

Dutch

The dictionary describes the meaning and history of hundred thousands of words in written Dutch, from the period 1500-1976. The resource is available for online browsing through the Dutch Language Institute (INT).

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English Hask Collocation Database

Size: 150,045 entries containing 2,875,407 word combinations

Licence: CC-BY-NC

English

HASK collocation dictionaries are phraseological databases used by linguists, language teachers, lexicographers, language materials developers, translators and other language professionals and casual dictionary users. The resource is available for online browsing through the PELCRA environment.

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First Estonian Slang Dictionary

Size: 7,500 keywords

Licence: proprietary

Estonian

This is a dictionary of Estonian slang that is available for download from (CELR distribution) and for online browsing through a dedicated website.

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Low-German Loanwords in the Estonian Language

Size: 1,150 keywords

Licence: CLARIN ACA

Estonian

This is a dictionary of Low-German loanwords. The resource is available for download from META-SHARE (CELR distribution) and for online browsing through a dedicated website.

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Online Dictionary of Standard Estonian ÕS 2018

Size: 59,275 keyword

Linguistic information: standardised orthography, phonology, MSD-tags

Licence: CC-BY

Estonian

This is a normative dictionary of modern standard Estonian. The resource is available for download from META-SHARE (CELR distribution) and online browsing through a dedicated website.

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The Advisory Dictionary of Document Language

Size: 1,200 keywords

Licence: CLARIN ACA

Estonian

This is a dictionary for simple, plain and precise expression in official communication. The resource is available for download from META-SHARE (CELR distribution) and for online browsing through a dedicated website.

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Download

 

The Basic Estonian Dictionary

Size: 50,000 keywords

Licence: CC-BY

Estonian

The is a monolingual dictionary that includes important Estonian words explained in simple language. The resource is available for download from META-SHARE (CELR distribution) and for online browsing through a dedicated webpage.

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The Dialectological Dictionary of Estonian

Size: 73,397 keywords

Linguistic information: geographical distribution

Licence: proprietary

Estonian

This is a dictionary that provides a survey of Estonian dialect words and their areal distribution. The resource is available for download from META-SHARE (CELR distribution) and for online browsing through a dedicated website.

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The Dictionary of Estonian Antonyms

Size: 2,000 antonym pairs

Licence: CLARIN ACA

Estonian

The dictionary contains antonym pairs, most of which belong to general language. The resource is available for download from META-SHARE (CELR distribution) and for online browsing through a dedicated website.

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The Dictionary of Estonian Dialects (2013-...)

Linguistic information: geographical distribution, phonetic/phonological information

Licence: CLARIN ACA

Estonian

The is a dialectal dictionary with phonetic and grammatical information, information on the area of distribution, and meaning of dialectal words. The resource is available for download from META-SHARE (CELR distribution) and for online browsing through a dedicated website.

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The Dictionary of Estonian Phraseology

Size: 7,500 phrasemes

Licence: CLARIN ACA

Estonian

This is a dictionary that contains phrasemes from various stylistic registers. The resource is available for download from META-SHARE (CELR distribution) and for online browsing through a dedicated website.

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The Dictionary of Estonian Synonyms

Size: 10,000 synsets

Licence: CLARIN ACA

Estonian

This is a comprehensive dictionary of Estonian synonyms. The resource is available for download from META-SHARE (CELR distribution) and for online browsing through a dedicated website.

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The Dictionary of Estonian Word Families - Index

Size: 120,000 words

Licence: CLARIN ACA

Estonian

A word family consists of all the words that are linked by formative processes and share one and the same word stem. The resource is available for online browsing.

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The Dictionary of Foreign Words

Size: 33,000 keywords

Linguistic information: orthography, inflection, semantics and etymology of the words; for many unadapted foreign words the pronunciation is given, both audio and written; the understanding and use of the words is facilitated by labels and cross-references.

Licence: CC-BY

Estonian

This is a dictionary that contains widespread Estonian words of foreign origin. The resource is available for download from META-SHARE (CELR distribution) and for online browsing through a dedicated website.

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The Dictionary of Old Võru Dialect

Size: 10,000 keywords

Licence: CC-BY

Estonian

The dictionary is on the archaic Võru dialect spoken in the second half of the 19th and in the first half of the 20th century. The resource is available for download from META-SHARE (CELR distribution) and for online browsing through a dedicated website.

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The Dictionary of the Eastern Dialect

Size: 7,000 keywords

Licence: CLARIN ACA

Estonian

This is a dialectal dictionary. The resource is available for download from META-SHARE (CELR distribution) and for online browsing through a dedicated website.

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The Dictionary of the Hiiu Dialect

Size: 6,300 entries

Licence: CLARIN ACA

Estonian

This dialectal dictionary is available for download from META-SHARE (CELR distribution) and for online browsing through a dedicated website.

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The Dictionary of the Kihnu Dialect

Size: 6,000 keywords

Licence: CLARIN ACA

Estonian

This is the first dictionary of the Hiiu vernacular. The entries also give sentence examples with reference to their source parish. The resource is available for download from META-SHARE (CELR distribution) and for online browsing through a dedicated website.

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The Dictionary of the Mulgi Dialect

Size: 4,000 keywords

Linguistic information: sentence examples, synonymy

Licence: CLARIN ACA

Estonian

This is a dialectal dictionary searchable by keyword (in dialect spelling), standard Estonian equivalent (meaning) or style label. The resource is available for download from META-SHARE (CELR distribution) and for online browsing through a dedicated website.

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The Dictionary of the Seto Dialect

Size: 6,000 keywords

Linguistic information: dialect orthography and simplified spelling without diacritical marks

Licence: CLARIN ACA

Estonian

This is the first online Seto dictionary accessible to search both in dialect orthography and in simplified spelling (without diacritical marks). The resource is available for download from META-SHARE (CELR distribution) and for online browsing through a dedicated website.

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The Estonian Etymological Dictionary

Size: 6,600 keywords

Linguistic information: origin of Estonian word stems and the genetic links between words (loanwords, genuine stems, artificially coined stems etc)

Licence: CLARIN ACA

Estonian

This etymological dictionary is available for download from META-SHARE (CELR distribution) and for online browsing through a dedicated website.

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Download

The Explanatory Dictionary of Estonian Language

Size: 154,000 keywords

Licence: CLARIN ACA

Estonian

This is the biggest dictionary of the Estonian language, which covers Estonian standard language as a whole, including spoken language and special languages. The resource is available for download from META-SHARE (CELR distribution) and for online browsing through a dedicated website.

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Dictionary of Contemporary Finnish

Size: 100,000 entries

Licence: CLARIN RES

Finnish

This is a dictionary of modern Finnish that is available for online browsing through the Language Bank of Finland.

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Dictionary of Finnish Dialects

Size: growing

Licence: CLARIN RES

Finnish

This is a dialect dictionary that is available for online browsing through the Language Bank of Finland.

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Dictionary of Old Literary Finnish

Size: growing

Licence: CC-BY 4.0

Finnish

This is a dictionary of Old Literary Finish. The resource is available for online browsing through the Language Bank of Finland.

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Wurdboek fan de Frsyke taal

Size: 120,000 lemmas

Licence: other

Frisian

This dictionary describes the meaning and history of hundred thousands of words in written Frisian, from the period 1800-1976. The resource is available for online browsing through the Dutch Language Institute (INT).

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Digital Dictionary of the German Language (DWDS)

Size: approx. 500,000 entries

Linguistic information: morphosyntactic information, pronunciation, etymology, lexical relations, examples of use, typical word connections

German

This collection consists of the following digitized dictionaries:

  1. Dictionary of contemporary German
  2. DWDS-Dictionary
  3. Etymological dictionary of German
  4. The German Dictionary by Jacob Grimm and Wilhelm Grimm
  5. The Great Dictionary of the German Language in 10 Volumes
  6. OpenThesaurus

This collection is available for online browsing from a dedicated environment associated with CLARIN-D.

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Pronunciation Dictionary

Size: 65,000 words

Linguistic information: IPA and SAMPA phonetic transcription

Licence: CC-BY 3.0

Icelandic

This is a dictionary with pronunciation information for common Icelandic words. The resource is available for download from CLARIN-IS.

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Karelian Dictionary

Size: 83,000 entries

Licence: CC-BY 4.0

Karelian

This is a monolingual dictionary that is available for download and for online browsing through the Language Bank of Finland.

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Download

Dictionary of Modern Latvian (MLVV)

Size: 45,877 entries

Licence: browsable

Latvian

The resource is available for online browsing.

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Dictionary of Standard Latvian Language (LLVV)

Size: 64,200 entries

Licence: browsable

Latvian

This is a dictionary that contains examples of the standard Latvian language from the 1870s to the 1990s. The resource is available for online browsing.

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Historical Dictionary of Latvian (16th-17th Centuries) (LVVV)

Size: 1,800 entries

Licence: Terms of Use

Latvian

This is a dictionary of Latvian from the period between the 16th and 17th centuries with a reference to the “Historical Corpus of the Latvian Language”. The resource is available for online browsing.

For a related publication, see Andronova et al. (2016).

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Rendering Dictionary of Personal Names

Size: 4,000 entries

Licence: Terms of Use

Latvian

This dictionary contains person names in four languages (Czech, French, Italian and German) and their renderings in Latvian in accordance with the rendering rules of proper nouns. The resource is available for online browsing.

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Tezaurs.lv

Size: 309,016 entries

Latvian

This is a comprehensive corpus-based dictionary of the Latvian language. The resource is available for online browsing.

For a related publication, see Spektors et al. (2016).

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Dictionaries of the CLARIN-PL Lexical Platform

Size: 512,973 entries

Licence: Other - Institute of Computer Science PAS

Polish

This is a collection of the following 4 dictionaries, which are available through the same online environment:

  1. Grammatical Dictionary of Polish (334,845 entries)
  2. Vilnius Dictionary (108,513 entries)
  3. The Polish Electronic Dictionary of the 16th c. (30,700 entries)
  4. The Polish Electronic Dictionary of the 17th and 18th c. (38,915 entries)

All the 4 dictionaries are available through the same online lexical platform developed by CLARIN-PL.

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Polish Hask Collocation Database

Size: 106,723 entries containing 5,636,857 combinations

Licence: CC-BY-NC

Polish

HASK collocation dictionaries are phraseological databases used by linguists, language teachers, lexicographers, language materials developers, translators and other language professionals and casual dictionary users. The resource is available for online browsing through the PELCRA environment.

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Size: 13,713 wordforms
Licence: CC BY-NC 4.0
Russian This dictionary contains words from specialised topics. The dictionary is available for online browsing through a service provided by the CLARIN Knowledge Centre for Belarusian text and speech processing. Browse

Dictionary of Lesser Used Slovenian Words

Size: 178,457 entries

Linguistic information: MSD-tags

Licence: CC-BY 4.0

Slovenian

This is a dictionary that contains entries that were not included in the Dictionary of the Slovenian Standard Language. The resource is available for download from CLARIN.SI and for online browsing.

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Dictionary of Lesser Used Slovenian Words

Size: 178,457 entries

Licence: CC-BY 4.0

Slovenian

This is a dictionary of infrequently used lexemes. The resource is available for download from CLARIN.SI.

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Dictionary of New Slovenian Words

Size: 6,399 entries

Licence: CC-BY 4.0

Slovenian

This is a dictionary of new words and neologisms. The resource is available for download from CLARIN.SI and for online browsing.

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Dictionary of Slovenian Particles

Size: 429 entries

Licence: CC-BY 4.0

Slovenian

This is a dictionary of connectives, disjuncts, emphasisers; not to be confused with English adverbial particles despite its name. The resource is available for download from CLARIN.SI and for online browsing.

For a related publication, see Žele (2015):

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Dictionary of Slovenian Phrasemes

Size: 3,002 entries

Linguistic information: descriptions and explanations of Slovenian phrasemes

Licence: CC-BY-NC 4.0

Slovenian

This is a multiword lexicon available for download from CLARIN.SI and for online browsing through a dedicated environment.

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Dictionary of the Slovenian Language in the Works of Janez Svetokriški

Size: 8,540 entries

Licence: CC-BY 4.0

Slovenian

This is a historical dictionary compiling the works of Janez Svetokriški. The resource is available for download from CLARIN.SI and for online browsing.

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Dictionary of Twitterese Janes-Dict 1.0

Size: 1,002 entries

Licence: CC-BY-SA 4.0

Slovenian

This is a dictionary of computer-mediated communication appearing on Twitter. The resource is available for download from CLARIN.SI and for online browsing.

For a related publication, see Gantar et al. (2016).

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Reverse dictionary of Slovenian language

Size: 115,355 entries

Licence: CC-BY 4.0

Slovenian

This is a dictionary where headwords are sorted by last-to-first letter. The resource is available for download from CLARIN.SI.

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Words of the 16th-Century Slovenian Literary Language

Size: 27,759 entries

Linguistic information: PoS-tags, phonological features

Licence: CC-BY 4.0

Slovenian

This is a historical dictionary that provides comprehensive information on the vocabulary used in the Slovenian literary language during the period of the Reformation. The resource is available for download from CLARIN.SI and for online browsing.

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Dalin's Dictionary (2017-10-16)

Size: 62,975 entries

Licence: CC-BY 4.0

Swedish

Dalin's Dictionary of 19th century Swedish. The resource can be download from the SWE-CLARIN repository and can be queried online through KARP.

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Hellquist's Swedish etymology (2017-10-16)

Size: 12,376 entries

Licence: CC-BY 4.0

Swedish

This is an etymological dictionary that is available for download from the SWE-CLARIN repository and can be queried online through KARP.

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Online Lexicon of Veps Language

Licence: EUPL

Veps

This is a dictionary of the Veps Language available for online browsing through FIN-CLARIN.

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Multilingual resources

Resource Language Description Availability
 

Linguistic information: pronunciation, PoS

Licence: CC BY-NC 4.0
Belarusian, English, Russian 
This dictionary provides information on the correct spelling, pronunciation and parts-of-speech of words. Additionally, the dictionary allows researchers to listen to the pronunciation of words.
 
The dictionary is available for online browsing through the CLARIN Knowledge Centre for Belarusian text and speech processing.
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English-Greek Dictionary of False Friends

Size: 1,000 entries

Licence: CC-BY-NC

English-Greek

This is a dictionary of false friends available for download from clarin:el.

Download

English-Estonian Machine Translation Dictionary

Size: 90,000 entries

Licence: BSD - Style

Estonian, English

This is a constantly incremented English-Estonian online dictionary, which is helpful in both human and machine translation. The resource is available for online browsing.

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The Online Dictionary of Estonian Sign Language - Estonian

Size: 4,000 keywords

Licence: CLARIN ACA

Estonian, Estonian Sign Language

The dictionary contains over 4,000 entry words, enabling search either by an Estonian word or a by a sign of Estonian sign language.

The resource is available for download from META-SHARE (CELR distribution) and for online browsing through a dedicated website.

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Finnish-Estonian Dictionary

Size: 90,000 keywords

Licence: CC-BY

Estonian, Finnish

This is the web-version of the two-volume Finnish-Estonian Dictionary (2003). The resource is available for download from META-SHARE (CELR distribution) and for online browsing through a dedicated website.

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Comprehensive Estonian-French Dictionary

Size: 15,300 keywords

Licence: undefined

Estonian, French

This is a bilingual dictionary that is available for download from META-SHARE (CELR distribution) and for online browsing through a dedicated website.

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Estonian-Latvian Dictionary

Size: 25,000 entries

Licence: Terms of Use

Estonian, Latvian

This is a bilingual dictionary that is available for online browsing.

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The Estonian-Latvian-Estonian Dictionary

Size: 47,000 keywords

Licence: CLARIN ACA

Estonian, Latvian

This bilingual dictionary is available for download from META-SHARE (CELR distribution) and for online browsing through a dedicated website.

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The Estonian-Mari Dictionary

Size: 9,800 keywords

Licence: CLARIN ACA

Estonian, Mari

This bilingual dictionary is available for download from META-SHARE (CELR distribution) and for online browsing through a dedicated website.

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The Estonian-Norwegian-Estonian Dictionary

Size: 19,000 Estonian keywords, 21,000 Norwegian keywords

Licence: CLARIN ACA

Estonian, Norwegian

This bilingual dictionary is available for download from META-SHARE (CELR distribution) and for online browsing through a dedicated website.

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Estonian-Russian Learner's Orthographic Dictionary

Size: 23,000 keywords

Licence: CLARIN ACA

Estonian, Russian

The Estonian-Russian Learner's dictionary is mainly meant for those learners of Estonian whose mother tongue is Russian or who learn it through Russian. The resource is available for download from META-SHARE (CELR distribution) and for online browsing through a dedicated website.

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The Estonian-Russian Dictionary

Size: 66,423 keywords

Licence: CC-BY

Estonian, Russian

This is the most comprehensive Estonian-Russian dictionary. The resource is available for download from META-SHARE (CELR distribution) and for online browsing through a dedicated website.

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The Russian-Estonian Dictionary

Size: 74,000 keywords

Licence: CC-BY

Estonian, Russian

This bilingual dictionary is available for download from META-SHARE (CELR distribution) and for online browsing through a dedicated website.

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The Estonian-Udmurt Dictionary

Size: 10,000 keywords

Licence: CLARIN ACA

Estonian, Udmurt

This is the first-ever bilingual dictionary of Estonian and Udmurt that also accounts for dialectal variation. The resource is available for download from META-SHARE (CELR distribution) and for online browsing through a dedicated website.

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Multilingual dictionaries

Linguistic information: MSD-tags, semantic information, multi-word units

Licence: CC-BY-NC

Greek, English, Bulgarian, Romanian, German, Polish

This is a collection of dictionaries created on the basis of Wikipedia articles. The collection is available for download from clarin:el.

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French-Greek lexicon of idioms

Size: 293 entries

Licence: CC-BY-ND

Greek, French

This is a glossary of idioms that supplies their wider contextual information (the context, the level of language, the connotation, the feeling that it transfers). The resource is available for download from clarin:el.

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ISLEX

Size: 48,700 entries

Linguistic information: Icelandic headwords with pronunciation (sound files) and inflection; translations into Danish, Norwegian (Bokmål and Nynorsk), Swedish, Faroese

Licence: CC-BY-NC-ND

Icelandic, Danish, Norwegian (Bokmål), Norwegian (Nynorsk), Swedish, Faroese

This multilingual dictionary is available for download from CLARIN-IS as well as for online browsing.

For a related publication, see Úlfarsdóttir (2014).

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Kven-Norwegian Bokmål dictionary

Size: 8,468 entries

Licence: CC-BY 3.0

Kven Finnish - Norwegian Bokmål

This is a bilingual dictionary that is available for download from CLARINO.

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Mühlenbach­ Endzelin Latvian Dictionary (MEV)

Size: 120,000 entries

Licence: Terms of Use

Latvian (German)

This is a bilingual dictionary that is available for online browsing.

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English-Latvian Dictionary

Size: 70,000 entries

Licence: Terms of Use

Latvian, English

This is a bilingual dictionary that is available for online browsing.

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Latvian-English Dictionary

Size: 80,000 entries

Licence: Terms of Use

Latvian, English

This is a bilingual dictionary that is available for online browsing.

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Latvian-Latgalian Dictionary

Size: 25,700 entries

Licence: browsable

Latvian, Latgalian

This is a bilingual dictionary that is available for online browsing.

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Latvian-Lithuanian Dictionary

Size: 43,000 entries

Licence: Terms of Use

Latvian, Lithuanian

This is a bilingual dictionary that is available for online browsing.

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Latvian-Russian Dictionary

Size: 44,000 entries

Latvian, Russian

This is a bilingual dictionary that is available for online browsing.

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Anglų kalbos žodynas

Size: 150,000 entries

Lithuanian, English This is a bilingual dictionary available for online browsing. Browse

Lithuanian-Latvian Dictionary

Size: 60,000 entries

Licence: Terms of Use

Lithuanian, Latvian

This is a bilingual dictionary that is available for online browsing.

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Lithuanian-Latvian-Latgalian Dictionary (LLL)

Size: 42,061 headwords

Licence: browsable

Lithuanian, Latvian, Latgalian

This is a trilingual dictionary that is available for online browsing through a dedicated environment.

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Livonian-Estonian-Latvian Dictionary

Livonian, Estonian, Latvian

This is a trilingual dictionary that is available for online browsing.

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The Livonian-German Dictionary

Licence: CLARIN ACA

Livonian, German

This bilingual dictionary is available for download from META-SHARE (CELR distribution) and for online browsing through a dedicated website.

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Basic English-Maltese Dictionary

Size: 5,458 entries

Licence: MS-BY-NC-SA

Maltese, English

This is a bilingual dictionary of alphabetically ordered English lemmas with their Maltese translation and Maltese pronunciation. The resource is unavailable for download or online browsing, but can be accessed by contacting the resource manager.

 

North Saami-Finnish dictionary

Size: 11,297 entries

Licence: CC-BY 3.0

Northern Sami, Finnish

This is a bilingual dictionary that is available for download from CLARINO.

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Norwegian Bokmål-North Saami dictionary

Size: 25,902 entries

Licence: CC-BY 3.0

Norwegian Bokmål, Northern Sami

This is a bilingual dictionary that is available for download from CLARINO.

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Norwegian Bokmål-South Saami dictionary

Size: 12,951 entries

Licence: CC-BY 3.0

Norwegian Bokmål, Southern Sami

This is a bilingual dictionary that is available for download from CLARINO.

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Norwegian-Vietnamese Dictionary

Size: 11,635 entries

Linguistic information: phonetic transcription, PoS-tags, translation and example sentences

Licence: CC-BY-NC-ND 3.0

Norwegian, Vietnamese

This is a bilingual dictionary that is available for download from CLARINO.

Download

Russian-Latvian Dictionary

Licence: Terms of Use

Russian, Latvian

This is a bilingual dictionary that is available for online browsing.

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Etymological Database of the Saami Languages

Size: growing

Licence: EUPL

Saami languages, Finnish

This is an etymological knowledge base available for online browsing through FIN-CLARIN.

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Slovenian-German Dictionary of Maks Pleteršnik (1894-1895)

Size: 103,185 entries

Licence: CC-BY 4.0

Slovenian, German

This is a historical dictionary compiling the works of Maks Pleteršnik. The resource is available for download from CLARIN.SI and for online browsing.

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Japanese-Slovene learner's dictionary jaSlo 3.1

Size: 9,891 entries

Linguistic information: headwords in all Japanese scripts, PoS-tags, difficulty level, Slovene glosses, Slovenian translation equivalents, examples of use

Licence: CC-BY-SA 4.0

Slovenian, Japanese

This is a learner’s dictionary for Slovenian students of Japanese. The resource is available for download from CLARIN.SI and for online browsing.

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Swedish-South Saami dictionary

Size: 3,351 entries

Licence: CC-BY 3.0

Swedish, Southern Sami

This is a bilingual dictionary that is available for download from CLARINO.

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Publications

[Andronova et al. 2016] Everita Andronova, Renāte Siliņa-Piņķe, Anta Trumpa, and Pēteris Vanags. 2016. The Electronic Historical Latvian Dictionary Based on the Corpus of Early Written Latvian Texts.

[Gantar et al. 2016] Polona Gantar, Iza Škrjanec, Darja Fišer, and Tomaž Erjavec. 2016. Slovar tviterščine.

[Spektors et al. 2016] Andrejs Spektors, Ilze Auzina, Roberts Dargis, Normunds Gruzitis, Peteris Paikens, Lauma Pretkalnina, Laura Rituma, and Baiba Saulite. 2016. Tezaurs.lv: the Largest Open Lexical Database for Latvian.

[Úlfarsdóttir 2014] Thórdís Úlfarsdóttir. 2014. ISLEX – a Multilingual Web Dictionary.

[Žele 2015] Andreja Žele. 2015. Slovar členkov kot živa vez med besedilom in slovarjem.