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Glossary

AAI
Authentication and Authorization Infrastructure See: Federated Identity
APA

Alliance for Permanent Access
See: http://www.alliancepermanentaccess.eu

API
Application Programming Interface
See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/API
ARK
Archival Resource Key See: http://www.cdlib.org/inside/diglib/ark/
BoD

Board of Directors

CESSDA
Council of European Social Science Data Archives See: http://www.cessda.org/
CLARA
Common Language Resources and their Applications See: http://clara.uib.no
CLARIAH

The joint infrastructure for the Netherlands for CLARIN and DARIAH starting in 2015, succeeding CLARIN-NL.

CMDI
Component Metadata Infrastructure See: http://www.clarin.eu/cmdi
CTS
CoreTrustSeal, successor of the Data Seal of Approval See: https://www.coretrustseal.org
DANS
Data Archiving and Networked Services See: http://www.dans.knaw.nl
DARIAH
Digital Research Infrastructure for the Arts and Humanities See: http://www.dariah.eu/
DASISH
Digital Services Infrastructure for Social Sciences and Humanities See: http://www.dasish.eu
DC
Dublin Core See: http://dublincore.org/
DCR
Data Catagory Registry See: http://www.isocat.org/
DEISA
Distributed European Infrastructure for Supercomputing Applications See: http://www.deisa.eu/
DIDL
Digital Item Declaration Language See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Digital_Item_Declaration_Language
DIP
Dissemination Information Package
DOBES
Dokumentation Bedrohter Sprachen See: http://www.mpi.nl/dobes
DOI
Digital Object Identifier See: http://www.doi.org/
DRIVER
Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research See: http://www.driver-repository.eu/
DSA
Data Seal of Approval
See: http://www.datasealofapproval.org/
EAD
Encoded Archival Description See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Encoded_Archival_Description
EAF
Eudico Annotation Format. File format used by ELAN.
See: http://www.mpi.nl/tools/elan/EAF_Annotation_Format.pdf
EBXML
e-business XML See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ebxml
EGEE
Enabling Grids for E-sciencE
See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Enabling_Grids_for_E-sciencE
EPIC
European Persistent Identifier Consortium See: http://www.pidconsortium.eu/
EPPN
EduPersonPrincipleName See: http://rnd.feide.no/attribute/edupersonprincipalname
ERA
European Research Area
See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/European_Research_Area
ERIC
European Research Infrastructure Consortium
See: http://ec.europa.eu/research/infrastructures/index_en.cfm?pg=eric
ESFRI
European Strategy Forum for Research Infrastructures See: http://cordis.europa.eu/esfri/
EUDAT
European Data Infrastructure See: http://www.eudat.eu/
FCS

Federated Content Search

See: http://www.clarin.eu/content/content-search

FEDORA
Flexible Extensible Digital Object Repository Architecture See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fedora_%28software%29
FIDAS
Fieldwork Data Sustainability See: http://www.apsr.edu.au/fidas/
GA

General Assembly

iCORDI
International Collaboration on Research Data Infrastructure See: http://www.icordi.eu
IdP

Identity Provider, a (Shibboleth) server that authenticates users and conveys their attributes to requesting resources. In other terms it provides the digital identities of its users to other servers in the AAI.

See: Federated Identity

IMDI
ISLE Meta Data Initiative See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IMDI
IMPACT
Improving Access to Text EU Project, http://www.impact-project.eu/
INTERA
Integrated European language data Repository Area See: http://www.mpi.nl/intera/
ISO/TC 37
Terminology and other language and content resources See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ISO/TC37
JISC
Joint Information Systems Committee See: http://www.jisc.ac.uk/
KSI

Knowledge Sharing Infrastructure, part of the CLARIN infrastructure that takes care of sharing of knowledge and expertise, education, training and dissemination

LAMUS
Language Archive Management and Upload System See: http://www.lat-mpi.eu/tools/lamus
LDAP
Lightweight Directory Access Protocol See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ldap
LMF
Lexical Markup Framework See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lexical_Markup_Framework
LOM
Learning Object Metadata See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Learning_object_metada
LREP
Language Repository Exchange Protocol
LRT

Language Resources and Technology
See: http://lrt.clarin.eu/language-resources-and-technology

META-SHARE

Network of repositories resulting from the META-NET Network of Excellence (http://www.meta-share.eu/)

METS
Metadata Encoding and Transmission Standard See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/METS
MODS
Metadata Object Description Schema See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MODS
MT

Machine Translation

NBN
National Bibliography Number See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Bibliography_Number
NCF

National Coordinators Forum

NLP
Natural Language Processing
See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Natural_language_processing
NREN
National Research and Education Network See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_research_and_education_network
OAI-ORE
Object Reuse and Exchange See: http://www.openarchives.org/ore/
OAI-PMH
Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Open_Archives_Initiative_Protocol_for_Metad...
OAIS
Open Archival Information System See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/OAIS
OASIS
Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards See: http://www.oasis-open.org/
observer

Country or intergovernmental organisation that prepares itself for participation in CLARIN ERIC

ODD
One Document Does it all See: http://www.tei-c.org/wiki/index.php/ODD
OLAC
Open Language Archives Community See: http://www.language-archives.org
PARADE
Partnership for Accessing Data in Europe See: http://www.csc.fi/english/pages/parade
PID
Persistent Identifier
PKI
Public Key Infrastructure See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Public_key_infrastructure
RADIUS
Remote Authentication Dial In User Service See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/RADIUS
RDA
Research Data Alliance See: http://www.rd-alliance.org/
REST
Representational State Transfer See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/REST
RI

Research Infrastructure

SAB

Scientific Advisory Board

SAML
Security Assertion Markup Language See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SAML
SCCTC

Standing Committee for CLARIN Technical Centres

SCHAC
SChema Harmonisation Committee See: http://www.terena.org/activities/tf-emc2/schac.html
single sign-on

Access to multiple systems by logging in once

SLCS
Short Lived Credential Service See: http://www.switch.ch/grid/slcs/
SOA
Service-oriented architecture See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Service-oriented_architecture
SOAP
Simple Object Access Protocol See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SOAP_(protocol)
SP

Service Provider. A Shibboleth term. Synonym for an AAI-enabled Resource, although used in a more technical sense.

See: Federated Identity

SRB
Storage Resource Broker See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Storage_Resource_Broker
SRU
Search/Retrieve via URL See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Search/Retrieve_via_URL
SRW
Search/Retrieve Web Service See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Search/Retrieve_Web_Service
TACAR
TERENA Academic CA Repository See: http://www.tacar.org/
TBX
Termbase Exchange format See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tbx#TBX
TCF

Text Corpus Format

This format is, among others, used by WebLicht.
See: http://weblicht.sfs.uni-tuebingen.de/weblichtwiki/index.php/The_TCF_Format
http://de.clarin.eu/en/language-resources/weblicht-en/tutorials.html

TCS
TERENA Certificate Service
See: https://www.terena.org/activities/tcs/
TDS
Typological Database System See: http://www.hum.uva.nl/TDS/
TEI
Text Encoding Initiative See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Text_Encoding_Initiative
TERENA
Trans-European Research and Education Networking Association See: http://www.terena.org/
UDDI
Universal Description Discovery and Integration See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/UDDI
UNICORE
UNiform Interface to COmputing REsources See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/UNICORE
URN
Uniform Resource Name See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uniform_Resource_Name
VLO
Virtual Language Observatory See: http://www.clarin.eu/vlo
WADL
Web Application Description Language See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Web_Application_Description_Language
WDS
World Data System See: http://icsu-wds.org
WS-Security
Web Services Security See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/WS-Security
WSDL
Web Services Description Language See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Web_Services_Description_Language
XCES
XML Corpus Encoding Standard See: http://www.xces.org/
XML-RPC
XML Remote Procedure Call
See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xml-rpc