Archilochus of Paros: Elegiac Fragments – XML Archive

Goals and Objectives  

Goals and objectives of the training materials:
  • to improve textual criticism on ancient Greek fragmentary texts (research skills and data acquisition skills: research data management + text analytics)
  • to improve competence on text annotation (research skills and data acquisition skills: analytical thinking + text annotation);
  • to reach a reliable corpus for a digital scholarly edition of an ancient Greek poet (research skills and data handling: research methods + data repositories + data formats and standards).


Dip. Discipline Umanistiche, Sociali e delle Imprese Culturali
University of Parma, Italy
Other Contributors:
  • Beatrice Nava (University of Bologna): PhD Student, co-instructor of the course and collaborator in the DEA (Digital Edition of Archilochus) project.
  • Students of the Courses of Greek Philology (MA, 6 cfu) and History of the Greek Language (BA, 6cfu) of the University of Parma: they attended the laboratory and encoded texts under the supervision of the tutors.

Description of the Training Materials

(Sub)discipline, topic, language(s)
Discipline: Classics / Data Science
Topic: Ancient Greek Language and Literature / Text annotation
Languages: Ancient Greek / English / Italian
Keywords Ancient Greek, Fragmentary poetry, Textual criticism, Text annotation, Data science
CLARIN resources
CLARIN resources referred to:
  • CLARIN resources were mentioned during the course to raise awareness about their usefulness for the students' research projects
  • The CLARIN-IT repository was chosen to store the results of the seminar, which stimulated the uptake of the CLARIN services also among classical scholars.
Structure and duration
The materials are structured as follows:
  • Unit 1: Textual Criticism.
    •  Materials: Slide + Summary in English
    •  Lesson (2h): to explain how to create a traditional critical edition.
  • Unit 2: Text Annotation.
    • Materials: Slide + Summary in English
    • Lesson (2h): to explain how to create a digital scholarly edition.
  • Unit 3: An Exemplum.
    • Materials: TEIHEADER + Specimen + Summary in English
    • Lesson (1h): to analyse together an exemplum and to explain TEIHEADER
    • Exercises (1h): Laboratory to test competence and to start the work.
  • Exercises (2h): Laboratory to test competence and to realise a fragment under the supervision of the tutors.
  • Exercises (2h): Laboratory to test competence and to realise a fragment under the supervision of the tutors.
  • Repository: to store the results of the workshop. Encoded texts could be a sample for new texts.
Target audience
The training materials are specifically developed for higher education purposes (intensive courses). The intended audience consists of BA and MA students.
Prerequisite knowledge and skills required:
  • good knowledge of ancient Greek
  • basic knowledge of data science
  • analytical skills with special references to ancient texts
  • reasoning skills to translate one code into another one.
The students should preferably have at least one year of university studies in ancient Greek. Beginner level skills in research methods, data acquisition and management are required.
Facilities required
Technical resources and related materials (both for teacher and for students):
  • Software: an academic tool for text annotation (e.g. Oxygen XML Editor).
  • Datasets: a reliable critical and scholarly edition (A. Nicolosi, Archiloco. Elegie, Bologna 2013).
  • Infrastructure: CLARIN-IT repository to store, share and spread results.
  • Course: Program.
  • Unit/Lesson 1: Slide + Summary in English.
  • Unit/Lesson 2: Slide + Summary in English.
  • Unit/Lesson 3: TEIHEADER + Specimen + Summary in English.
  • Report: an XML Archive from CLARIN-IT repository.
  • README: a short description of the training materials.
Course(s) in which the training material was used
The seminar was held online at the University of Parma on February 16th, 17th, 19th, 24th and 26th, 2021.
The seminar was organised as a free-to-attend intensive course as part of the following programmes:
Licence and (re)use Creative Commons - Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0) 
Creation date Creation date: 2021-03-28
Last modification date
First revision: 2021-04-16
Last revision: 2021-05-03

Experience with Using CLARIN Resources in Teaching

The seminar teaches practical skills in XML / coding of ancient literary texts (text and critical apparatus), as well as an overview of the state of the art in the field of scientific and digital critical editions. Students encode selected fragments of Archilochus of Paros (VII sec. B.C.), and thus they can directly test the potential of digital philology. CLARIN resources were used to explain the benefits of using a research infrastructure to store and share datasets. By using the infrastructure and archiving the output of the training course in the CLARIN-IT repository, students acquire basic knowledge about research methods, data acquisition and management skills. Storing and sharing data on a reliable and sustainable infrastructure, such as CLARIN, has proven highly relevant especially in times of Covid-19.

Students' Testimonials

“I think that the Seminar/Workshop on the Elegies of Archilochus of Paro was useful and profitable from a double perspective. First, the project, especially laboratories, gave me the possibility to exploit and consolidate my knowledge on text coding (XML/TEI). Coding ancient texts is really very different from what I previously know. Testing first-hand some specific aspects I could understand not only the theory but also the practice; only when faced with real textual problems you are forced to search for possible solutions. Then, I think that the project allowed me a deeper study of Archilochus’ texts, improving the approach to critical apparatus and notes. Finally, the plan of the meetings and the support of the tutors, Prof. Anika Nicolosi and Dr. Beatrice Nava, let the easy involvement of all students.” (Filippo)

Download Information

All the training materials, including slides and exercises, are available in the CLARIN-IT repository:

Additional Information and Resources

The seminar was developed inside of the DEA (Digital Edition of Archilochus) project. It could become a model, reusable for other fragmentary poems.
Referenced by:
  • A. Nicolosi, M. Monachini, B. Nava, CLARIN-IT and the Definition of a Digital Critical Edition for Ancient Greek Poetry. A New Project for Ancient Fragmentary Texts with a Complex Tradition, in Selected Papers from the CLARIN Annual Conference 2019. «Leipzig, Germany – September 30th-October 02nd, 2019, Conference Proceedings», ed. by K. Simov and M. Eskevich, «LiU E-Press» CLXXII (2020) 85-93 [eISSN 1650-3740 (Online) – ISSN 1650-3686 (Print) – ISBN 978-91-7929-807-4]. Link.

Cite this Work

Nicolosi, Anika and Nava, Beatrice, 2021, Archilochus of Paros: Elegiac Fragments – XML Archive, University of Parma, ILC-CNR for CLARIN-IT repository hosted at Institute for Computational Linguistics “A. Zampolli”, National Research Council, in Pisa,

Contact Information

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