Glossary

AAI
Authentication and Authorization Infrastructure
See: Federated Identity
APA

Alliance for Permanent Access
See: http://www.alliancepermanentaccess.eu

API
Application Programming Interface
See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/API
ARK
Archival Resource Key
See: http://www.cdlib.org/inside/diglib/ark/
BoD

Board of Directors

CAC

Centre Assessment Committee

CESSDA
Council of European Social Science Data Archives
See: http://www.cessda.org/
CLARA
Common Language Resources and their Applications
See: http://clara.uib.no
CLARIN member

Country or intergovernmental organisation that participates in CLARIN ERIC

CLARIN Office

CLARIN administrative headquarters at Utrecht University

CLARIN PP

CLARIN Preparatory Phase Project (2008-11)

CMDI
Component Metadata Infrastructure
See: http://www.clarin.eu/cmdi
DANS
Data Archiving and Networked Services
See: http://www.dans.knaw.nl
DARIAH
Digital Research Infrastructure for the Arts and Humanities
See: http://www.dariah.eu/
DASISH
Digital Services Infrastructure for Social Sciences and Humanities
See: http://www.dasish.eu
DC
Dublin Core
See: http://dublincore.org/
DCR
Data Catagory Registry
See: http://www.isocat.org/
DEISA
Distributed European Infrastructure for Supercomputing Applications
See: http://www.deisa.eu/
DIDL
Digital Item Declaration Language
See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Digital_Item_Declaration_Language
DIP
Dissemination Information Package
DOBES
Dokumentation Bedrohter Sprachen
See: http://www.mpi.nl/dobes
DOI
Digital Object Identifier
See: http://www.doi.org/
DRIVER
Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research
See: http://www.driver-repository.eu/
DSA
Data Seal of Approval
See: http://www.datasealofapproval.org/
EAD
Encoded Archival Description
See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Encoded_Archival_Description
EAF
Eudico Annotation Format. File format used by ELAN.
See: http://www.mpi.nl/tools/elan/EAF_Annotation_Format.pdf
EBXML
e-business XML
See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ebxml
EGEE
Enabling Grids for E-sciencE
See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Enabling_Grids_for_E-sciencE
EPIC
European Persistent Identifier Consortium
See: http://www.pidconsortium.eu/
EPPN
EduPersonPrincipleName
See: http://rnd.feide.no/attribute/edupersonprincipalname
ERA
European Research Area
See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/European_Research_Area
ERIC
European Research Infrastructure Consortium
See: http://ec.europa.eu/research/infrastructures/index_en.cfm?pg=eric
ESFRI
European Strategy Forum for Research Infrastructures
See: http://cordis.europa.eu/esfri/
EUDAT
European Data Infrastructure
See: http://www.eudat.eu/
FEDORA
Flexible Extensible Digital Object Repository Architecture
See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fedora_%28software%29
FIDAS
Fieldwork Data Sustainability
See: http://www.apsr.edu.au/fidas/
GA

General Assembly

iCORDI
International Collaboration on Research Data Infrastructure
See: http://www.icordi.eu
IdP

Identity Provider, a (Shibboleth) server that authenticates users and conveys their attributes to requesting resources. In other terms it provides the digital identities of its users to other servers in the AAI.

See: Federated Identity

IMDI
ISLE Meta Data Initiative
See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IMDI
IMPACT
Improving Access to Text EU Project, http://www.impact-project.eu/
INTERA
Integrated European language data Repository Area
See: http://www.mpi.nl/intera/
ISO/TC 37
Terminology and other language and content resources
See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ISO/TC37
JISC
Joint Information Systems Committee
See: http://www.jisc.ac.uk/
knowledge sharing infrastructure

Knowledge Sharing Infrastructure, part of the CLARIN infrastructure that takes care of sharing of knowledge and expertise, education, training and dissemination

KSI

Knowledge Sharing Infrastructure, part of the CLARIN infrastructure that takes care of sharing of knowledge and expertise, education, training and dissemination

LAMUS
Language Archive Management and Upload System
See: http://www.lat-mpi.eu/tools/lamus
LDAP
Lightweight Directory Access Protocol
See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ldap
legal issues committee

Committee dealing with access rights, IPR, Service Provider Federation, ethical issues

LMF
Lexical Markup Framework
See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lexical_Markup_Framework
LOM
Learning Object Metadata
See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Learning_object_metada
LREP
Language Repository Exchange Protocol
LRT

Language Resources and Technology
See: http://lrt.clarin.eu/language-resources-and-technology

META-SHARE

Network of repositories resulting from the META-NET Network of Excellence (http://www.meta-share.eu/)

METS
Metadata Encoding and Transmission Standard
See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/METS
MODS
Metadata Object Description Schema
See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MODS
National Consortium

CLARIN ERIC working unit at the national level

NBN
National Bibliography Number
See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Bibliography_Number
NCF

National Coordinators Forum

NLP
Natural Language Processing
See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Natural_language_processing
NREN
National Research and Education Network
See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_research_and_education_network
OAI-ORE
Object Reuse and Exchange
See: http://www.openarchives.org/ore/
OAI-PMH
Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting
See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Open_Archives_Initiative_Protocol_for_Metad...
OAIS
Open Archival Information System
See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/OAIS
OASIS
Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards
See: http://www.oasis-open.org/
observer

Country or intergovernmental organisation that prepares itself for participation in CLARIN ERIC

ODD
One Document Does it all
See: http://www.tei-c.org/wiki/index.php/ODD
OLAC
Open Language Archives Community
See: http://www.language-archives.org
PARADE
Partnership for Accessing Data in Europe
See: http://www.csc.fi/english/pages/parade
PID
Persistent Identifier
PKI
Public Key Infrastructure
See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Public_key_infrastructure
RADIUS
Remote Authentication Dial In User Service
See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/RADIUS
RDA
Research Data Alliance
See: http://www.rd-alliance.org/
REST
Representational State Transfer
See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/REST
RI

Research Infrastructure

Roadmap

Long term plan for the development of research infrastructures in Europe, prepared by ESFRI

SAB

Scientific Advisory Board

SAML
Security Assertion Markup Language
See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SAML
SCCTC

Standing Committee for CLARIN Technical Centres

SCHAC
SChema Harmonisation Committee
See: http://www.terena.org/activities/tf-emc2/schac.html
Showcases

Fully implemented solutions that demonstrate how the CLARIN infrastructure can be used to support humanities and social sciences research

single sign-on

Access to multiple systems by logging in once

SLCS
Short Lived Credential Service
See: http://www.switch.ch/grid/slcs/
SOA
Service-oriented architecture
See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Service-oriented_architecture
SOAP
Simple Object Access Protocol
See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SOAP_(protocol)
Social Sciences

Study of society and human nature

SP

Service Provider. A Shibboleth term. Synonym for an AAI-enabled Resource, although used in a more technical sense.

See: Federated Identity

SRB
Storage Resource Broker
See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Storage_Resource_Broker
SRU
Search/Retrieve via URL
See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Search/Retrieve_via_URL
SRW
Search/Retrieve Web Service
See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Search/Retrieve_Web_Service
Standards committee

Committee dealing with standards and standards strategies in CLARIN

TACAR
TERENA Academic CA Repository
See: http://www.tacar.org/
TBX
Termbase Exchange format
See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tbx#TBX
TCF
Tool Chaining Format used by WebLicht
See: http://weblicht.sfs.uni-tuebingen.de/englisch/tutorials/html/index.html
TCS
TERENA Certificate Service
See: https://www.terena.org/activities/tcs/
TDS
Typological Database System
See: http://www.hum.uva.nl/TDS/
technical infrastructure

Part of the CLARIN infrastructure that hosts data and services, and that interconnects them in order to ensure integrated access

TEI
Text Encoding Initiative
See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Text_Encoding_Initiative
TERENA
Trans-European Research and Education Networking Association
See: http://www.terena.org/
UDDI
Universal Description Discovery and Integration
See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/UDDI
UNICORE
UNiform Interface to COmputing REsources
See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/UNICORE
URN
Uniform Resource Name
See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uniform_Resource_Name
VLO
Virtual Language Observatory
See: http://www.clarin.eu/vlo
WADL
Web Application Description Language
See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Web_Application_Description_Language
WDS
World Data System
See: http://icsu-wds.org
workflow

A workflow consists of a sequence of concatenated (connected) steps. Emphasis is on the flow paradigm, where each step follows the precedent without delay or gap and ends just before the subsequent step may begin. This concept is related to non overlapping tasks of single resources.

WS-Security
Web Services Security
See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/WS-Security
WSDL
Web Services Description Language
See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Web_Services_Description_Language
XCES
XML Corpus Encoding Standard
See: http://www.xces.org/
XML-RPC
XML Remote Procedure Call
See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xml-rpc